Physics Questions

Physics questions are also called physics problems, puzzlers*, brain teasers, brain twisters, riddles, or challenges. Below I list some places where you can find some.

There’s no such thing as a “recreational physics question” because every physics question could be pursued recreationally, in principle. In practice, tackling some questions requires resources beyond what one person (or a small group) can do, but don’t let that discourage you: the set of physics questions that can be pursued recreationally is vast.

Of course, the range of physics questions that you can do recreationally depends on how much physics you know, but that’s true of all forms of recreation. The range of downhill ski runs that you can enjoy depends on your downhill skiing ability. The more you learn, the more fun you can have!

Sources of Physics Questions

A great source of physics questions is your own curiosity, or the curiosity of your friends, family and colleagues.

You can also find physics problems in books, journals, websites, and many other places. Below, I’ve listed some sources of questions well-suited to recreational pursuit.


Physics For Entertainment by Yakov Perelman:

Brainteaser Physics: Challenging Physics Puzzlers by Göran Grimvall

The Flying Circus of Physics by Jearl Walker. Over 700 questions. First published in 1975; the second edition was published in 2006.

Mad About Physics: Braintwisters, Paradoxes, and Curiosities by Christopher Jargodzki and Franklin Potter. They also wrote a sequel titled Mad About Modern Physics

Professor Povey’s Perplexing Problems: Pre-University Physics and Maths Puzzles with Solutions by Thomas Povey

Thinking Physics: Understandable Practical Reality by Lewis Carroll Epstein

Mrs. Perkins’s Electric Quilt: And Other Intriguing Stories of Mathematical Physics by Paul J. Nahin

Millergrams: Some Enchanting Questions for Enquiring Minds by Julius S. Miller

300 Creative Physics Problems with Solutions by László Holics

200 Puzzling Physics Problems: With Hints and Solutions by P. Gnädig, G. Honyek, K.F. Riley

There are many books of physics problems to help graduate students prepare for their PhD qualifying exams (so they are more challenging). Examples include:

  • University of Chicago Graduate Problems in Physics with Solutions by Jeremiah A. A. Cronin, David F. Greenberg and Valentine L. Telegdi
  • Problems and Solutions on Quantum Mechanics by Yung-Kuo Lim

There are many freely-available physics books available from Project Gutenberg and the Internet Archive.


The Physics Teacher and the American Journal of Physics (AJP) are peer-reviewed journals published by the American Association of Physics Teachers. They often include problems of interest to high school and undergraduate physics students. Some handy links:

The European Journal of Physics (EJP) is similar to the AJP.

Some papers submitted to may be of interest, e.g. recent submissions in the category ‘Popular Physics’

Physics Q&A Websites and Forums

The Original Usenet Physics FAQ

NEWTON Ask a Scientist and NEWTON Question of the Week are provided by Argonne National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy. NEWTON has been online since 1991. Not all questions are physics, but many are. Note: In February, 2015, Argonne announced that they would be shutting down the NEWTON website on March 1; the Internet Archive ( has an archive.

Ask the Van – Anyone can submit a physics question. The site started in 1998 and now over 6000 questions have been answered by volunteers from the Department of Physics at the University of Illinois’ Physics Van outreach program.

Physics Stack Exchange – “a question and answer site for active researchers, academics and students of physics. It’s 100% free, no registration required.”

Physics and Astronomy Ask the Experts at Ask a question, and (hopefully) get an answer from an expert.

Various subreddits, including AskPhysicsPhysicsAskScience, and AskScienceDiscussion.

Physics Forums (PF) at

The Physics Forum at

Physics Blogs Which Consider Specific Physics Questions

Rhett Allain is an associate professor of physics at Southeastern Louisiana University. He wrote the Dot Physics blog for and now he writes the Geek Physics blog.

What If? – A now-discontinued weekly series of short articles by Randall Munroe, the creator of xkcd. Many involve physics. There are related discussion threads on the xkcd forums. He also published a book with the same name, containing some of his blog posts as well as original material.

Websites with Physics Questions

Problems from the International Young Physicists’ Tournament

The International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) website has problems from previous events.

The Asian Physics Olympiad (APhO) website has problems from previous events.

David Morin’s problems for undergraduates in the Harvard University Department of Physics (includes some math problems).

Physics Problems to Challenge Understanding, emphasizing concepts, and insight. A set of physics problems compiled and annotated by Donald Simanek, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania. His website has a lot of other recreational physics material, especially supposed perpetual motion machines, along with explanations of why they don’t work.

Physics Examples and Other Pedagogic Diversions by Professor K. McDonald of the Department of Physics at Princeton University.

The online exercises associated with the Feynman Lectures on Physics.

Professor Henry Greenside’s Duke Physics Challenges

Boston Area Undergraduate Physics Competition, Problems and Solutions

The PhysicsLAB compilations of physics problems collected by Catharine H. Colwell (a now-retired physics teacher):


* The phrase “physics puzzle” has come to mean the same thing as “physics puzzle game,” meaning a casual video game involving simulated physics. Examples include Angry Birds and Cut The Rope. I wouldn’t consider playing those games to be doing recreational physics, any more than I’d consider a basketball player to be doing recreational physics. Thinking about physics and letting physics just happen are two different things.